Associate Fellow
Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford and The Alan Turing Institute

Sanna is a quantitative researcher studying the intersection of digital transformation, international development, and the role of data. She is working on her doctoral thesis at the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), University of Oxford. Sanna’s doctoral research is funded by The Alan Turing Institute, the UK’s national institute for data science and AI. She consults as a data scientist for development organizations such as GIZ, World Bank, and the Inter-American Development Bank.


Before commencing her doctoral studies, Sanna worked at the OII as the quantitative research lead in an ERC-funded GeoNet project studying how new economic practices and processes are taking root in Sub-Saharan Africa as a result of changing connectivities.

Research interests
  • Digital transformation and technological change
  • Future of work and gig economy
  • International development and sustainable development
  • Economic geography
  • Computational social science and data science
Journal articles

Landman, M., Ojanperä, S., Kinsella, S., and O’Clery, N., (2022) “ The role of relatedness and strategic linkages between domestic and MNE sectors in regional branching and resilience .” Journal of Technology Transfer.

Fitzgerald, J., Ojanperä, S., and O’Clery N. (2021) “Is academia becoming more localised? The growth of regional knowledge networks within international research collaboration.” Applied Network Science, 6(1), 1-27.

Ojanperä, S., Graham, M., and Zook, M. (2019) “Digital Knowledge Economy Index: Mapping Content Production.” The Journal of Development Studies, 55(12), 2626-2643.

Graham, M., Ojanperä, S., Anwar, M., and Friederici, N. (2017) “Digital Connectivity and African Knowledge Economies.” Questions de communication, 32, 345-360.

Ojanperä, S., Graham, M., Straumann, R., De Sabbata, S., and Zook, M. (2017). “The Geography of Engagement in the Knowledge Economy: Regional Patterns of Content Creation.” Information Technologies in International Development, 13, 33-51.

Friederici, N., Ojanperä, S., and Graham, M. (2017). “The Impact of Connectivity in Africa: Grand Visions and the Mirage of Inclusive Development .” Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 79(2), 1-20.

Book Chapters

Bertolini, A., Graham, M., Neerukonda, M., Ojanperä, S., Parthasarathy, B., Srinivasan, J., Taduri, P., and Ustek-Spilda, F. Forthcoming in “Platformising Informality, One Gig at a Time” In A. Suriti, and U. Huws (Eds.), Platformization and Informality: Pathways of Change, Alteration, and Transformation,  London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Graham, M., Ojanperä, S., and Dittus, M., (2019) “Myth #34: There is no “there” in the Internet.” In M. Ketteman, and S. Dreyer (Eds.), Busted! 50 Internet Myths and Why They Are Wrong, Hamburg: Verlag Hans Bredow Institut.

Dittus, M., Ojanperä, S., and Graham, M., (2019) “Internet Geographies: Data Shadows and Digital Divisions of Labour.” In M. Graham, and W. Dutton (Eds.), Society and the Internet, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Graham, M., De Sabbata, S., Straumann, R., and Ojanperä, S., (2018) “Uneven Digital Geographies & Why They Matter.” In kollektiv orangotango+ (Ed.) This is Not an Atlas: A Global Collection of Counter-Cartographies, Bielefeld: transcript Verlag.

Policy publications

Katta, S., Ferrari, F., Ojanperä, S., Salem, N, Taduri, P., Neerukonda, M., and Graham, M. (2021) Skills for the Planetary Labour Market: Indian Workers in the Platform Economy. Oxford, UK; Manchester, UK; Cape Town, South Africa; Bangalore, India: Fairwork Foundation.

Schweikert, A., Nield, L., Otto, E., Klemun, M., Ojanperä, S., and Deinert, M. (2019) “Vulnerabilities of Networked Energy Infrastructure: A Primer”. Washington DC: The World Bank.

Ojanperä, S., O’Clery N., and Graham, M. (2018) “Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, and the Future(s) of Work: Strategic literature review Prepared for The Alan Turing Institute.” London: The Alan Turing Institute.

Guaipatin, C., Anta, R., Kallestad, E., Magri, N., Ojanperä, S., Olcese, C., Schwartz, L., and Tourreilles, F. (2013) Social Innovation: The Experience of the IDB’s Innovation Lab.” Inter-American Development Bank.