Overall, a major contribution of EUROSHIP will be to offer a nuanced understanding of the mechanisms behind the observed differences and gaps in social protection for citizens with diverse needs and interests over the life-course.
This will encompass and analysis of social citizenship gaps by gender, labour market status, care obligations and needs, disability, minority ethnic background.
Precise knowledge about these mechanisms is necessary to identify policy solutions that allow the EU and national governments to realize the ambitions reflected in the European Pillar of Social Rights (EC 2015, 2017).
At the micro level, we need a better understanding of how individual citizens and households cope with social risks (such as low education, low income, care obligations or needs), use their scope for action. In general, the social protection policies, structural traits of the labour markets and a country’s economy at the macro level are likely to shape the individual’s scope for making choices and live the life they have reasons to value.
Enforcement mechanisms such as bureaucratic administration, litigation and social dialogue at the meso level further cross-country variations in the gaps of social protection. In order to design effective policies, researchers and policymakers need to understand the dynamics at all three levels (micro, meso, and macro) and the way these levels interact.
The results of this analysis will add to the knowledge base for further implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights, Agenda 2030/SDGs, and through this, upward social convergence between Member States.
The overall strategy of EUROSHIP is to examine the present, learn from the past and project the future of social citizenship in a multilevel and territorially diverse system to provide evidence-based policy options to foster a cohesive and socially resilient Europe.